Boundary disputes and sociophonetic variation: schwa-epenthesis in dutch rc clusters koen sebregts utrecht university [email protected] Dutch in dutch, the digraph ij in the suffix -lijk, as in waarschijnlijk [ʋaːrˈsxɛinlək] ('probably') is pronounced as a schwa if an e falls at the ultimate (or penultimate place before a consonant) in dutch words and is unstressed, it becomes a schwa, as in the verb ending -en (lopen) and the diminutive suffix -tje(s) (tafeltje(s). Epenthesis is the phenomenon that a segment is inserted between two other segments within a word example in the dutch word melk 'milk' a schwa is inserted between [l] and [k], yielding [[email protected] Diachronic change in the postvocalic /r/ in the dutch of 1026schwa epenthesis and the production of approximant sounds 54. English schwa insertion before liquids and phonological opacity faithfulness constraint that causes overapplication of schwa epenthesis has to be a. A common phenomenon in dutch, especially in less-formal registers, is schwa epenthesis or schwa insertion the following list of words illustrates the optional application of the process. Title: phonological variation : epenthesis and deletion of schwa in dutch: author(s): kuijpers, c donselaar, w van cutler, a.
Articles for translators and translation agencies: linguistics: epenthesis. French schwa and gradient cumulativity brian w smith data from a judgment study, we show that both factors play a role in schwa epenthesis and deletion. The svarabhakti vowel in the dutch language: adding a non-written vowel in the pronunciation sometimes the dutch add the schwa. In this paper, we use articulatory measures to determine whether dutch schwa epenthesis is an abstract phonological process or a concrete phonetic process depending on articulatory timing we examine tongue position during /l/ before underlying schwa and epenthetic schwa and in coda position.
Facilitatory effects of vowel epenthesis on word processing in dutch epenthesis in dutch the fact that schwa epenthesis is rife in the dutch spoken by. Askdefine is an online english dictionary it features auto completion of search words, extensive set of dictionary words, lists of english synonms and rhymes visit the online dictionary. Schwa in the modern yucatecan languages and orthographic evidence of its presence in colonial yucatecan maya, colonial chontal, and precolumbian maya hieroglyphic.
Particular alternation, schwa epenthesis in dutch, is a phonological or a phonetic process although it is often very diﬃcult to tell whether a given. Epenthesis and deletion of schwa in dutch so far, schwa epenthesis and schwa deletion in dutch have mainly been described in phonological studies. Rational phonological lengthening in spoken dutch pdf rational phonological lengthening in spoken dutch schwa epenthesis in dutch is often discussed. We argue that the ability of epenthetic schwa to condition the /l/ alternation shows that dutch schwa epenthesis is an abstract phonological process involving.
Two types of phonological variation in dutch, resulting from optional rules, are schwa epenthesis and schwa deletion in a lexical decision experiment, it.
Not only does it account for dutch schwa being unstressable, it also consonant clusters before schwa undergo epenthesis, as if they were syllable-final. Raymond hickey the interrelationship of epenthesis and syncope this kind of schwa-insertion in dutch the interrelationship of epenthesis and syncope. B dutch schwa epenthesis dutch allows variable insertion of a schwa between /l/ or /r/ and a following non-coronal consonant, as well as between /r/ and /n. Epenthesis - 67 vowel epenthesis nancy hall 1 67 vowel epenthesis nancy hall 1 introduction the term context on schwa epenthesis and schwa deletion in dutch. 12 r-coloured vowels in irish english (hickey) and epenthesis are considered inasmuch all varieties of irish english of unstressed schwa before. (5) dutch [h]-epenthesis (booij 1995) tõlhp~ t õlp ‘tulip’ helhp~ h elp ‘help’ herhfst ~ herfst ‘autumn’ kalhm~ k alm ‘quiet’ kuijpers and van donselaar (1997) ﬁnd that speakers are more likely to insert the schwa if this will create a rhythmic alternation of stressed and unstressed vowels. In phonology, epenthesis means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word the word epenthesis comes from epi in addition to and en in and thesis putting epenthesis may be divided into two types: excrescence or vyanjanabhakti, for the addition of a consonant, and anaptyxis or svarabhakti for the.
Two types of phonological variation in dutch, resulting from optional rules, are schwa epenthesis and schwa deletion in a lexical decision experiment it was investigated whether the phonological variants were processed similarly to the standard forms. The phonological status of dutch epenthetic schwa 407 (a) 25 horizontal distance from teeth (mm) 20 15 10 5 0 a m l d g (b) 75 underlying epenthesis 70 no epenthesis backness (mm) 65 60 55 50 45 k i figure 4 horizontal position of the tongue tip in instructed speech. For example, the schwa occurs only in unstressed syllables in english, dutch, and indonesian (cohn 1989) it is often targeted by deletion (eg, in dutch [booij 1995]) it is the outcome of vowel neutralization in many languages, for example, english (chomsky and halle 1968), dutch (booij 1995), and southern italian dialects (maiden 1995) and. Full-text (pdf) | in this paper, we use articulatory measures to determine whether dutch schwa epenthesis is an abstract phonological process or a concrete phonetic process depending on articulatory timing. The phonological status of dutch epenthetic schwa: we use articulatory measures to determine whether dutch schwa epenthesis is an abstract phonological. Epenthesis - wordreference english dictionary, questions, discussion and forums all free. Schwa epenthesis and schwa deletion are two types of phonological variation which frequently occur in dutch these phonological variations are optional since speakers are free to insert or delete a schwa.